A Polish Firefly


in 1/72 scale

Dragon Firefly Ic Kit 7322 & LEVA Productions
UK M4 'Firefly' Turret w/Late Cupola No 72C12/1

Construction Review by Stephen Brezinski - sbrez1(at)comcast(dot)net
Edited by Marc Mercier


I will not cover much about the history of the Firefly or the M4 Sherman tank here, being covered well in many other books and articles, but I will discuss a little on their service with the Polish Forces. During the Second World War the British supplied both Sherman and Sherman Firefly tanks to the Polish armoured forces serving in Italy and in NW Europe. (It should be obvious that none served with Polish Forces fighting under the Soviets in Eastern Europe.) After conversion from a Sherman Mk I or Mk V to a Sherman Firefly Mk Ic or Vc, they were accepted by the Polish units with the same major modifications as used by UK and Czech Firefly tanks. Field modifications to the tanks at the unit level were also evident.

The Polish Firefly Ic RYCERZ I T-270012 is modelled here as it is very well documented in photos and I have available two 1/72-scale models that include the needed decal markings. RYCERZ I is Polish for Knight 1, a tank belonging to the 2nd Squadron, 1st Krechowiecki Lancers of the Polish 2nd Armoured Division that served in Italy.

Regarding Sherman terminology, many unofficial terms have been common with the M4 Medium, such as low-bustle turret, high-bustle turret and fancy sprocket. Many of these actually have part numbers such as the D50878 turret. For my reviews I will continue to use the unofficial common names.


Above is the box art for DML’s Firefly Ic kit, the easiest and most accurate M4 (Sherman 1) kit for building RYCERZ I, though the UM M4 or the Trumpeter M4 kits are acceptable. The markings on the box art are for a Firefly Ic of the 1st Squadron of the Polish 1st Krechowiecki Lancers, but there is no large name on the side, as seen during the post war Loreto parade.

• Left is a photo of RYCERZ I from the book Sherman Ic Firefly by Wojciech J. Gawrych. Starting at the top I wish to point out a commonly missed detail of this Firefly: the British all-round vision cupola! All models of RYCERZ I that I have previously seen built mistakenly had the standard Sherman split hatch cupola. The British all-round vision cupola (AR cupola) was fitted to a relatively small number of Firefly tanks.
• Keep in mind that the prominent name (i.e. RYCERZ I) painted in pale yellow was not applied to tanks in combat but specifically for the post-war Loreto, Italy, parade in August 1945. The vehicle appears painted in olive drab colour and with a heavy coat of light-coloured dust over the lower hull and suspension.
• Continuing with the turret, we see the loader’s turret open and resting on the hatch support. Off to the loader’s left by the loader’s rotating periscope, we see the rim of the British 2” bomb thrower opening. A radio antenna with small pennant flag is visible off the turret rear.
• On the right side of the turret roof is the alidade sight for the commander, but no blade-shaped vane sight that was common on the early Shermans.
The gun tube protrudes through the special 17-Pdr gun mantlet, has white counter-shading at the outer half and a small white ring. Within the square marking on the turret I find it interesting that the horse head is facing forward on RYCERZ I, but is facing the other way on the other two Firefly’s! The horsehead and the square appear to me to be the same shade and are commonly represented in yellow, as does the name RYCERZ I. The vehicle T-number looks to be in white implying to me that the vehicle name and tactical marking are indeed in yellow.
• At the rear turret side, you see a low-mounted turret lift rings and then the armoured radio box welded to the low-bustle turret rear.
• Note that there is no pistol port mounted here on the left side of RYCERZ I’s turret. On the right side of the turret, which we cannot see from this view, I believe there would likely be cast-in cheek armour rather than having an appliqué armour cheek plate welded on, an educated guess.
• Up on the engine deck we can just see the top of the rear rectangular storage box common to the Firefly Ic (The Firefly Vc based on the M4A4 typically had the trapezoid shaped storage box mounted on the rear hull plate.)
• Running along the top of the hull is a tow cable, the gun cleaning rods and the ventilation dome next to the driver’s hatch. Based on the small driver hatch and the angle of the glacis plate, we know this to be an early production Sherman glacis with 57 degree angle glacis. This looks like it could also have a late "sharp nose" style one-piece final drive assembly (a.k.a. differential cover or FDA), but the photo is not clear enough for me to be sure.
• Below the side appliqué armour plate is a horizontal metal strip with holes for mounting the side skirts.
• Considering the cast, single piece final drive (differential) housing, the spacing of the roadwheels and the length of the hull, this appears to be a Firefly Ic based on the M4 tank, rather than a Firefly Vc based on the M4A4 tank.
• Because of the spare roadwheel stored on the glacis we cannot see what type of driver’s hood is used on this Firefly but they are most likely cast hoods, and likely not direct vision (DV) hoods. The driver’s hoods likely have appliqué armour plates fitted on the front of them. Because of what looks to be a thick mat or camouflage net stored on the glacis, a lot of features (such as spare tracks) are not visible.
• The solid six-spoke roadwheels are mounted on the VVSS bogies. Here we can see that the T54E1 steel-chevron type track rests on the return rollers, but does not quite rest on the lower track skid. Remember, Sherman track is a “live” track so has little or no track sag. The sprocket wheels are the simple style while we see the Sherman Ic Hybrid tank behind RYCERZ I has the “fancy” style sprocket wheels.
In this second parade photo, we see the right side of RYCERZ I. The photo is pretty fuzzy but we can see the British all-round vision cupola evident by the size and shape of the opened hatch, especially when compared to the standard Sherman split-hatch cupola hatch on the Sherman III (M4A2) ROZMACHI to the right.
• I see no indication of an appliqué armour plate on the turret, but the photo is not clear enough to me to be sure. However, this picture offers a better view of the rectangular storage box mounted on the engine deck.
• The Sherman III at right, ROZMACHI, also appears to have a camouflage net or matting on the glacis thereby obscuring much of the fittings on the glacis.

Though the DML Firefly turret will not be used, assembly of M4 (Sherman Ic) lower hull is as instructed in DML's assembly instructions, and some of the etched brass turret fittings will be used.
The location of the spare tracks (parts MA5 and E2) does not match my Firefly reference and so will be relocated as per my references.
The lower hull is assembled as per the kit instructions. Except for field modifications, the Firefly Ic was somewhat standard. Be careful when applying the side appliqué armour plates, as there is no good guide as to their exact placement. The upper hull is just loosely placed on the lower hull so don’t worry about the bad fit and visible gaps at this point. I prefer to affix the upper and lower hulls sections together after attaching and painting all the bogies and tracks.

The turret is the LEVA Productions Firefly turret with the British All-Round Vision Cupola. LEVA's 17-Pounder gun barrel strikes me as overly thick, which I suspect is to compensate for the fragility of the resin it is cast in.

The edges of the appliqué plates have been roughed with a sharp blade to simulate a weld bead. A spare roadwheel has been added to the glacis right of the driver’s hood. With model putty a weld bead has been simulated on the front appliqué armour plates.

Here we can see the great cast texture on the one-piece differential cover (part a33) and the bolt detail, the realistic weld bead on the glacis plate (Yes, the glacis plate on the early welded Shermans could be made up of five plates welded together, not including the separate cast driver’s hoods!).

For something different, the turret will be modeled in travel mode with the long 17-Pounder barrel secured by the gun travel lock. On the rear deck is the storage box common to many Firefly Ic tanks. On the side of the engine deck we see the exterior bottle-shaped fire extinguisher (parts A54) next to the very nice separate shovel Part-B18.

In this close-up view of the LEVA turret right we see some features of the British all-round vision cupola that replaced the split-hatch cupola. Yes, this turret had been previously painted years ago, so the paint was partially stripped off, detailed, and re-primed with Mr. Surfacer.

The LEVA turrets is a millimetre or two low compared to the DML turret. You might think that a millimetre would not be noticeable but in this scale it is enough to make it look “off”, out of proportion. To correct this, a circular piece of styrene sheet has been glued to the base of the LEVA turret, then sanded and blended in with model putty and Mr. Surfacer.

I am disappointed with the gun mantlet: it is too thick and sits too far out from the turret, even after sanding down the rear of the mantlet and the gun mount.

A small rest for the opened loader’s hatch is fabricated with brass and a small block of styrene. The lifting rings are made from copper wire, with the side ones mounted low (some turrets were manufactured with the side rings mounted higher). The LEVA resin turret has small dimples to indicate where we need to drill the holes for the lifting rings. At the front left corner of the roof is a ring of fine copper wire around the 2” bomb thrower.

The turret pistol port appeared too flat, so a small piece of bevelled styrene was glued on to make the door thicker. Soon after doing this I reviewed my notes and photos and remembered that RYCERZ I did not have a pistol port in its turret! My next project was then to saw and sand the pistol port off flat and re-texture the cast steel with Mr. Surfacer 500.

In this close-up photo we see the wonderful weld bead texture along the Dragon M4 hull. Towards the rear of the M4 are visible several drain holes in the turret and fuel cap splashguards. Use the finest drill bits you have for these.

This rear view photo above displays many features of the Firefly. Up on the rear engine deck is the Firefly storage box and to its left you’ll find, the 17-Pounder gun travel lock (unfortunately broken during clumsy handling). At the left and right corners of the engine deck are the bottle-shaped fire extinguishers.

Looking to the rear plate is the small first aid box and the engine crank (there should be a small hole in the center of the rear plate for this crank). Note that the M4 rear hull plate here is sloped at 10 degrees from the vertical. Some M4 Mediums (Sherman 1) had vertical rear plates and both are historically accurate. On the rear plate of this model, we still see subtle circles and rectangles. Being location marks for the kit’s separate tools, these need to be sanded smooth.

On the rear engine compartment there is a small brass wire handle for the double doors and below that is a scratchbuilt “British-style leaf spring towing hook” as found in my reference book. I’ve read that the British preferred this style of rear towing fixture so their M4s were delivered to the UK with no factory installed tow pintle. These details of the rear of the tank are often not visible in historical photos due to shadow. Additionally, this feature appears to be missing from museum displays, so it was a challenge to find what they looked like, so as to replicate with styrene.
In the historical photo above there is an opaque coat of dust over the lower hull and the suspension; this dust coating was replicated with pale tan paint prior to adding the tracks and later touched up after final assembly.

I like to glue the track onto the sprocket wheel before attaching it to the hull so I can align the track up straight with the roadwheels. The DML DS track material adhered well with cyanoacrylate (Super) glue and, I have read, will also glue with styrene cement. (The tracks from a Trumpeter Sherman I was building at the same time as this model resisted both glue and acrylic paints. The paint even separated and flaked off when the track was flexed. Very frustrating.)

Prior to final painting the upper and lower hulls were joined, the model glued down to a base, the fine brass parts, like the brush guards, added and the turret fixed in the travel model. Small pieces of fine copper wire were glued onto the turret side to represent lashing points for gear.
Notice that the pistol port hatch has been sanded down and the area re-textured with Mr. Surfacer.
Except for the commander’s cupola, the features of this turret match the one included within the DML Firefly Ic kit in having no pistol port but having the cast-in cheek armour.
A rolled tarp has been draped behind the 17-Pdr mantlet to mask the large gap between the mantlet and the turret. Since the tank is in travel mode, a certain amount of stowage lashed to the exterior makes sense.

A turret of this period should have the cast-in turret check armour on the right side; the DML kit turret has this moulded-in armour but the LEVA turret does not. A one-millimetre thick piece of styrene sheet and model putty fixed this.

The kit doesn’t include the gun cleaning roads on the left rear hull, but RYCERZ I has these, so the rods (part-A33) were taken from another DML Sherman kit.

DML’s Painting & Markings guide (see left) depicts the tank in olive drab colour and with the vehicle number, vehicle name and the unit marking on the turret side. On the above photos I did not notice any bow markings and we don’t have a view of the tank rear to know if there were any markings on the back. The white star on the engine deck may be pure guesswork or based on a photo I have not yet seen. I believe that if we leave off the prominent yellow vehicle name we would depict this Polish operated Firefly during wartime.

The white horse head within the yellow square Dragon provided I think is incorrect. It appears in the photo to be the same shade (yellow) as the square. It is depicted facing forward as is shown in the photo.

On this painting guide, the gun tube (gun barrel) is missing the white counter-shading on the underside and the white ring.
The wood tool handles are shown as natural wood colour. I understand that US Army supplied tools could have either natural wood handles or painted the same colour as the vehicle (natural wood is easier on the hands when using: fewer blisters). Oddly, the wood pick handle below the cupola hatch is portrayed as steel-grey colour. On the drawings left engine deck no gun-cleaning rods are depicted, but they appear in the photo of RYCERZ I.

Left are the markings for RYCERZ I in the Extra Tech 1/72-scale Firefly Ic kit and these markings size and placement agree with Dragon’s markings and instructions. The horse head here is different in that it is depicted as yellow (which I think is correct) and both heads face in the same direction (which I think is incorrect). A spotlight is depicted atop the turret and there is no alidade sight. Welded-on cheek appliqué armour is depicted on the turret.

We have skipped ahead a few steps with the application of a base coat of olive drab, then a point wash of dark brown or black and finally a light coat of paler green-olive to represent some sun fading.
Clear acrylic gloss is applied in areas expecting the decal markings. The end of the gun barrel is painted white before masking of the counter-shading.

The DML’s water slide decals applied excellently; they did not crack or break, snuggled down perfectly to the acrylic paint and contours of the model (with some mild decal solvent) and have very clear decal film. Here, I regret to point out a screw-up on my part with the yellow square tactical markings. As mentioned above, the horse head should be facing forward but I switched the markings and put the left turret marking on the right side, oops. This does match the orientation of the horse heads of the two other Firefly turrets in the photo above, but not RYCERZ I. Dammm! Learn from my mistake. No, I am not going to scrape the markings off and replace them.

The small drain holes in the hull’s splashguards are visible in the above two photos. The wooden tool handles are painted a natural wood colour.

At this stage, the olive-drab paint was touched up on the gun barrel and the masking tape removed. Next, the Firefly got an overall light spray of Microscale Micro Flat clear flat. This is my first time using Microscale “Micro Flat” flat acrylic and I am very pleased with it. It is less glossy than the Model Master clear dullcoat I normally used and was easy to apply straight from its plastic bottle.

A light tan paint was sprayed over the base and up onto the lower hull, after which I attached browned static grass to the base with white glue to represent a dry late summer field in Italy.

Looking at the vertical volute spring suspension (VVSS) bogies makes me think how the detail of the bogies are so often ignored during assembly and reviews, I have done it too. We'll make sure there are exactly 24 bolts around a certain roadwheel and that the kit is exactly 1/72 scale, but it seems like Sherman bogies are just ignored in resignation. For example, take these DML VVSS bogies here, the nice looking stamped type roadwheels are moulded rigid onto the rocker arms and on all the wheels the grease plugs are located in the same orientation of about 12 o'clock. The bracket holding the return roller appears to be an intermediate style with a straight bracket and no raised roller, but the bracket looks significantly too short in the horizontal direction. The bogies just look too big in relation to the size of the sprocket wheel.

Left :
A single tow cable was produced using the DML supplied cable loops and teabag string coated in white glue. After some paint, it was affixed to the port side of the Firefly.
The T54E1 steel-chevron type track around the suspension is well rendered. If you look closely at the spare track links on the glacis, you'll notice they are the T62 steel track type with the three bolts on each link, a nice detail.

The glacis of RYCERZ I in my reference photo carries thick mesh matting also seen on other Polish Shermans, I presume this is camouflage. I did not know exactly how to replicate this so I left it off; therefore the front of this model is best guess speculation. The spare track links, for example, were mounted in several different ways on Firefly's.

Right :
Edges and high spots have been highlighted with different shades of Tamiya Weathering Master rather than drybrushing with paint as I often used in the past. Weathering Master is similar to cake makeup.

Vollendet! Zakonczony! (Ed : "Finished! Completed!" ) A white metal figure is added to represent a Polish tank crewmember. This figure is sold as a British tanker, but the Brits and Poles wore the same uniform in Europe and Italy except for the uniform insignia.

Additional static grass has been added. Boxes and tarps stowed on the engine deck give the impression that the Firefly is about to go on a march (perhaps to the post-war parade grounds at Loreto, Italy, in August 1945). I left off significant dusting of the upper hull to represent that the upper hull was cleaned and the tank name RYCERZ I recently painted on for the parade.

Dark exposed camera film has been cut up and glued in with white glue to represent the periscope lenses around the cupola and the other periscopes.
Good view of the drain holes in the splash guard.


  • The DML parts of the model assembled very well. Dragon’s range of Sherman kits are among the company’s finest model releases in 1/72-scale.
  • The LEVA Firefly turret has great surface texture and detail though is a little squat (low) but supplied me the all-round vision cupola needed to portray this Polish Firefly RYCERZ I. The LEVA mantlet and the barrel appear too thick; I could have replaced them, but decided to try and stick with the LEVA conversion parts to see how the final result looked.
  • Too bad about my wrong orientation of the horse headsmarkings, otherwise this could have been a more accurate representation of RYCERZ I in small scale.


1. We need a Firefly Ic kit, based on the M4 Sherman with cast driver's hoods.
2. Small hatch M4 hull with 57-degree glacis,
3. Appliqué armour on hull sides and presumably on the driver's hoods,
4. We'll need to buy or convert a Sherman turret with the British all-round vision cupola. At this time an AR cupola in small scale appears to be rare.
5. Low-bustle turret with Firefly's bustle radio box,
6. No pistol port on the turret,
7. With no pistol port there is likelihood that the turret had cast-in cheek armour on the right side.
8. Smoke projector on the turret roof with rim around the opening,
9. Low mounted lifting rings on turret side,
10. Alidade sight in front of commander's hatch but no vane sight.
11. Gun cleaning rods on the rear port (left) side,
12. Simple sprocket, solid spoke idler wheel, and cast solid 6-spoke roadwheels on heavy duty vertical volute spring suspension (VVSS),
13. Steel chevron T54 or T74 tracks,
14. The final drive assembly is the single piece cast FDA, though my reference photos are not detailed enough to tell if it is the early rounded style or later wedge shaped style.
15. Spare roadwheel mounted on the glacis and the Firefly Ic storage box on the engine deck.


Sherman Ic Firefly Armour Photo gallery #21, by Wojciech J. Gawrych, from Model Centrum Progress, (2009) ISBN 978-83-60672-10-5. This and the companion book covering the Firefly Vc, are the best Firefly references I have yet found.

Sherman Minutia website…http://the.shadock.free.fr/sherman_minutia/index.html

Sherman in 1/72-Scale website…www.172shermans.com/sherman_Firefly_list.htm

Son of Sherman, The Sherman Design & Development, Ampersand Group Inc., publisher (2013) ISBN 978-0-9773781-1-1. A good reference on the M4 Sherman features and production, but not so much on the Firefly.

Back to
Dragon Kit List
Leva Kit List

Back to Home Page

Article Last Updated: 08 October 2013